Read the following article: A Computer-Based Education Intervention to Enhance Surrogates’ Informed Consent for Genomics Research Ethics guidelines now require that individuals give informed consent to participate in research. Existing ethical guidelines do not help us decide how to seek consent and have allowed managerial experimentation to remain unchecked. Based on your understanding of the topic and the article, answer the following question: Do you think that alternative forms of community consent should be actively pursued? Why or why not?

How would you feel if your medical records were examined and included in research without your consent based on an illness in the past? Discussion Question 2 Scenario Two nurse researchers are interested in studying whether a pain assessment tool for critical care patients is valid and reliable when applied to a group of patients who cannot communicate verbally due to mechanical ventilation. They design a validation study in which randomly selected patients will be assessed using the tool after a painful procedure (tracheal suctioning) and after a nonpainful procedure (oral care).

If patient responses result in higher scores after the painful procedure than after the nonpainful one, then the researchers will conclude that the tool is effective for these patients in differentiating pain responses from responses to nursing procedures in general. Using the checklist in the text, discuss and draw a conclusion as to whether this study will likely be exempt, expedited, or full review. Would the study be considered ethical? Explain your rationale. Discussion Question 3 Research a historical experiment that impacted or helped shape the development of ethical codes and regulations. Discuss the experiment and discuss the rights violated within the study (if any). Discuss any outcomes or legislature associated with the study. What type of consent would have been needed to make the study ethical and valid? Citations should conform to APA guidelines. You may use this APA Citation Helper as a convenient reference for properly citing resources or connect to the APA Style website through the APA icon below


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