What is the chromosome number found in humans cells after meiosis I is completed?

B) carbon dioxi Show more Chapter 6 1.A process is referred to as aerobic if it requires ________. A) oxygen B) carbon dioxide C) ATP D) carbohydrates 2.Humans are both ________. A) heterotrophs and consumers B) heterotrophs and producers C) producers and decomposers D) autotrophs and producers 3.Plants use photosynthesis to A) store chemical energy and they use cellular respiration to harvest energy. B) change light energy into chemical energy as well as to harvest chemical energy. C) harvest energy and they use cellular respiration to store chemical energy. D) change light energy into sugars. 4.The waste products of cellular respiration include ________. A) water only B) carbon dioxide only C) water and carbon dioxide D) water and glucose 5.What compound directly provides energy for cellular work? A) C6H12O6 B) glucose C) ATP D) fat 6.Which of the following are produced as a result of cellular respiration? A) ATP and water B) carbon dioxide and ATP C) carbon dioxide water and ATP D) oxygen and glucose 7.Which of the following statements is TRUE? A) Oxygen is a product of cellular respiration; carbon dioxide is a product of photosynthesis. B) Lactic acid is a product of aerobic respiration; ethyl alcohol is a product of fermentation. C) Oxidation is the loss of electrons; reduction is the gain of electrons. D) Glucose is a product of aerobic respiration; lactic acid is a product of anaerobic respiration. 8.Which of the following is a result of glycolysis? A) production of CO2 B) conversion of glucose to pyruvic acid C) a net loss of two ATPs per glucose molecule D) conversion of NADH to NAD+ 9.Electron transport takes place in the ________. A) mitochondria B) chloroplasts C) cytoplasm D) ribosomes 10.Human muscle cells use lactic acid fermentation to ________. A) produce more ATP than is possible through complete aerobic respiration B) produce ATP using the electron transport chain C) regenerate NADH D) produce ATP without O2 11.When oxygen delivery becomes insufficient to support a runners aerobic metabolism cells switch to an emergency mode in which ________. A) ATP is generated less efficiently by harvesting the heat energy in a cell B) ATP is inefficiently produced and lactic acid is generated as a by-product C) lactic acid is broken down to produce smaller amounts of ATP D) carbon dioxide is joined with water to generate much smaller amounts of ATP Chapter 7 12.Which of the following is an autotroph? A) human B) mushroom C) pine tree D) fish 13.Within the inner membrane of a chloroplast interconnected sacs of membrane called ________ are suspended in a thick fluid called the ________. A) chlorophyll thylakoid B) thylakoids grana C) thylakoids stroma D) grana thylakoid 14.What are grana? A) thick fluids inside chloroplasts B) convolutions of the inner chloroplast membrane C) stacks of membranous sacs D) pigments found in chloroplasts 15.Which of the following equations best summarizes photosynthesis? A) 6 CO2 + 6 H2O + 6 O2 C6H12O6 B) 6 CO2 + 6 H2O C6H12O6 + 6 O2 C) 6 CO2 + 6 O2 C6H12O6 + 6 H2O D) C6H12O6 + 6 O2 6 CO2 + 6 H2O 16.Which of the following is produced during the light reactions of photosynthesis? A) O2 B) CO2 C) C6H12O6 D) ADP 17.The color that we see when looking at a pigmented object is ________. A) the wavelengths that are absorbed by the pigmented object B) the wavelengths that are reflected or transmitted by the pigmented object C) the wavelengths that have been raised to an excited state by the pigmented object D) the wavelengths that the pigmented object created after interacting with sunlight 18.The Calvin cycle makes direct use of ________ to make ________. A) light energy and CO2 sugar B) CO2 ATP and NADPH sugar and O2 C) light energy CO2 and water sugar and O2 D) CO2 ATP and NADPH sugar 19.The Calvin cycle is sometimes called the dark reactions. Could it take place if a plant were grown in the dark continuously? A) No because plants cannot take in CO2 without sunlight. B) No because sunlight is needed to split water to provide NADH. C) Yes because taking in carbon dioxide the only outside input to the Calvin cycle does not need sunlight. D) Yes because plants have stored materials in their roots which can provide what the Calvin cycle needs. Chapter 8 20.Which of the following is a stage of mitosis? A) cytokinesis B) telophase C) interphase D) DNA synthesis 21.A cell that completed the cell cycle without undergoing cytokinesis would ________. A) have less genetic material than it started with B) not have completed anaphase C) have its chromosomes lined up in the middle of the cell D) have two nuclei 22.Homologous chromosomes ________. A) carry genes controlling the same inherited characteristics B) include only the autosomes C) are a set of chromosomes that the cell received from one parent D) carry the same versions of all genes 23.What chromosomes belong to a normal human female? A) 22 autosomes and 2 X chromosomes B) 44 autosomes and 2 X chromosomes C) 44 autosomes one X chromosome and one Y chromosome D) 46 autosomes and two X chromosomes 24.How much genetic material is present in a cell during prophase I compared to a cell that has completed meiosis II? A) one-quarter as much B) four times as much C) one-half as much D) twice as much 25.Anaphase II is essentially the same as mitotic anaphase except that in anaphase II ________ and in mitotic anaphase ________. A) the cells are diploid the cells are haploid B) chromosomes line up double file in the middle of the cell chromosomes line up single file in the middle of the cell C) crossing over occurs crossing over does not occur D) the cells are haploid and sister chromatids separate the cells have the same number of chromosomes as the original cell and sister chromatids separate 26.For a species with four pairs of chromosomes ________ chromosome combinations are possible. A) 4 B) 8 C) 16 D) 20 27.What is the chromosome number found in humans cells after meiosis I is completed? A) 46 autosomes B) 43 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes C) 22 autosomes and a sex chromosome D) 44 autosomes and 2 sex chromosomes Chapter 9 28.Mendel crossed purebred purple-flowered plants with purebred white-flowered plants and all of the resulting offspring produced purple flowers. The offspring are all ________ and the allele for purple flowers is ________. A) heterozygotes recessive B) heterozygotes dominant C) homozygotes recessive D) homozygotes dominant 29.Which of these crosses will produce only heterozygous offspring? A) AA aa B) AA Aa C) Aa Aa D) Aa aa 30.The ________ is most commonly found in nature. A) recessive trait B) wild-type trait C) parental type D) dominant trait 31.An individual with (naturally) curly hair and an individual with (naturally) straight hair mate; all of their offspring have (naturally) wavy hair. What is the relationship between the alleles for hair texture? A) pleiotropy B) incomplete dominance C) wavy hair dominant to both straight and curly hair D) codominance 32. ABO blood grouping is an example of A) Incomopelte dominance B) Pleiotropy C) Codominance D) Polygenic inheritance 33. Blood group O is a A) Universal recipient B) Codominant with AB C) Dominant over A D) Universal donor 34. Blood group A has A) A antigen and AB antibodies B) A antigen and B antibody C) B antigen and B antibody D) None of the above 35. Sickle cell anemia is an example of A) Polygenic inheritance B) Codominance C) Heterozygosity D) Linked gene Show less

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