Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects freedom of the press?

1. Whic Show more Answer each of the questions to the best of your ability by highlighting the correct answer. 1. Which amendment to the U.S. Constitution protects freedom of the press? a. First Amendment b. Third Amendment c. Fourteenth Amendment d. Sixth Amendment 2. What is the name given to the laws that protect reporters in 31 states from revealing sources? a. Sunshine laws b. Privilege laws c. Shield laws d. Fair reporting laws 3. What federal law do reporters use to get access to federal records? a. Shield laws b. Open meetings laws c. Sedition laws d. Freedom of Information Act 4. What punishment do reporters face for fabricating a story? a. A contempt-of-court citation b. Being thrown in jail c. Getting fired d. No punishment as long as the reporter tells a good story 5. What libel defense is available to a reporter if a source allows the reporter to publish a libelous statement about the source? a. Truth b. Consent c. Privilege d. Actual malice 6. Which type of invasion of privacy occurs when a reporter runs a story photo cutline or headline that portrays someone inaccurately? a. Intrusion b. Public disclosure of private facts c. False light d. Appropriation 7. What is likely to happen when a reporter writes a story that includes military secrets copyrighted material stolen memos or names of juveniles convicted of committing crimes? a. Reporter wins a Pulitzer Prize. b. Reporter gets a Page 1 story and a big raise. c. Reporter gets promoted to editor. d. Reporters story gets spiked. 8. Passing off someone elses words or ideas as your own is known as: a. Deception b. Conflict of interest c. Fabrication d. Plagiarism 9. Which term refers to publishing restrictions imposed from outside the newsroom? a. Censorship b. Conforming to community values c. Meeting editing standards d. Self-censorship 10. In regard to invasion of privacy which term refers to something personal that people wouldnt ordinarily want revealed? a. Private b. Intimate c. Offensive d. Misrepresentation 11. Which term refers to profanities that editors often delete from stories to avoid offending readers? a. Vulgar language b. Offensive topics c. Reporting flaws d. Conflict of interest 12. In libel law people who exercise power or influence in governmental affairs (e.g. a police officer mayor or school superintendent) are: a. Ordinary folks b. Public figures c. Public officials d. Celebrities 13. What U.S Supreme Court case established that press releases and newsletters of public officials were not protected from libel suits? New York Times v. Sullivan b. AP v. Walker c. Curtis Publishing v. Butts d. Hutchinson v. Proxmire 14. 14. Deceiving or betraying the confidence of those who provide information for a story is known as: a. Deception b. Bias c. Theft d. Burning a source 15. Journalists rank 16th among 21 professions rated for their honesty and ethical standards. What profession is just behind journalists? a. Car mechanics b. Lawyers c. Insurance salespeople d. Real estate salespeople 16. What is the best defense for libel? a. Consent b. Privilege c. Actual malice d. Truth 17. What is the importance of freedom of information in American society? a. Its provided by the U.S. Constitution. b. It gives the public the right to know what government is doing. c. It has little importance compared to the need for security after Sept. 11 2001. d. It interferes with the right to privacy. 18. What allows journalists to report anything said in official governmental proceedings no matter how defamatory without being sued as long as the reporting is accurate and fair? a. Fair report privilege b. Opinion privilege c. Fair comment and criticism d. Shield laws 19. Which term refers to the unauthorized use of someones name photo or words to endorse or sell a product or service? a. Intrusion b. Public disclosure of private facts c. False light d. Appropriation 20. Who committed journalistic fraud and was fired for it in dozens of stories for The New York Times? a. Nellie Bly b. Armstrong Williams c. Janet Cooke d. Jayson Blair 21. What form of invasion of privacy involves a reporter gathering information unethically (e.g. through trespassing secret surveillance or misrepresentation) in a situation in which someone has a right to expect privacy? a. Intrusion b. Public disclosure of private facts c. False light d. Appropriation 22. What 1988 U.S. Supreme Court decision established the right of school administrators to censor high school publications? a. Tinker v. Des Moines School District b. Hazelwood School District v. Kuchmeier c. Curtis Publishing v. Butts d. Gertz v. Welch 23. If a reporter publishes the name of a confidential source after promising not to do so the reporter may be liable for: a. Contempt of court b. Sedition c. Breach of contract d. Lapse in ethics 24. What is a sunshine law? a. Same as a shield law b. An open-courtroom law c. An open-meeting law d. An open-record law 25. Journalists who accept gifts or favors are engaging in: a. Conflict of interest b. Theft c. Burning a source d. Deception Show less

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